an LED must always use a resistor
This is because LEDs have what is called a “threshold voltage”. To put it simply, a little too much current and the LED burns out immediately, so the resistor is a protection.
We will therefore have to choose which resistance to use. For this, there is a mathematical formula to calculate the size of the resistor to use.
Rmin = (Ualim - Uled) / Imax
Unless you have some good leftovers from your physics class, I’m guessing it doesn’t get you too far. Small explanation:
- Rmin: Minimum resistance to use, expressed in ohms (Ω)
- Ualim: Power supply voltage, expressed in volts (V)
- Uled: LED threshold voltage, expressed in volts (V)
- Imax: The maximum intensity of the LED, expressed in amperes (A)
The LED has a maximum intensity of 20 mA (20 mA = 0.020 A) and a threshold voltage of 1.5 and 1.9 V.
Notes pointant ici
- Allumer une LED
- Brancher une LED sur une pile - Astuces Pratiques
- IOT heart (blog)
- LED circuit
- LED et calcul de la résistance série - Astuces Pratiques
- led-et-calcul-de-la-resistance-serie-0_1.png (530×623)